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译科技|人工智能为什么重要的五大原因

5 Reasons Why Artificial Intelligence is Important to You

数据观丨石煜倩(译)

  You have probably heard that artificial intelligence could be used to do lots of impressive tasks and jobs. AI can help designers and artists make quick tweaks to visuals. AI can also help researchers identify “fake” images or connect touch and sense. AI is being used to program websites and apps by combining symbolic reasoning and deep learning. Basically, artificial intelligence goes beyond deep learning. Here are five reasons why AI is important to you.

  你可能听说过人工智能可以完成很多精细、复杂的工作。例如,人工智能可以帮助设计师和艺术家快速调整视觉效果;人工智能可以帮助研究人员识别“假”图像,或者将触觉和感觉联系起来;人工智能通过结合符号推理和深度学习,可以被用于编写网站和应用程序。基本上,人工智能超越了深度学习。以下是人工智能对你重要的五个原因。

  Artificial Intelligence will create new jobs人工智能将创造新的就业机会

  It is no news that AI will replace “repetitive jobs.” It literally means that these kinds of jobs will be automated, like what robots are currently doing in a myriad of factories. Robots are rendering the humans that are supposed to do those tasks practically jobless.

  人工智能将取代“重复性工作”已经不是什么新鲜消息了,这意味着此类工作未来将是自动化的,就像目前机器人在无数工厂中所做的那样。正因为机器人替代了原本在工厂进行“重复性工作”工作人员,所以这些工作人员就失业了。

  And it goes further than that – many “white collar” tasks in the fields of law, hospitality, marketing, healthcare, accounting, and others are adversely affected. The situation seems scary because scientists are just scratching the surface as extensive research and development of AI. AI is advancing rapidly (and it is more accessible to everybody).

  不仅如此,法律、酒店、市场营销、医疗保健、会计等领域的许多“白领”的“饭碗”也岌岌可危。

  这种情况其实很可怕,因为科学家们对人工智能的广泛研究和开发只是触及了皮毛。人工智能正在迅速发展(而且对每个人来说都更容易使用)。

  The great news about AI is that it can create new jobs.Some believe that AI can create even more new jobs than ever before. According to this school of thought, AI will be the most significant job engine the world has ever seen. Artificial intelligence will eliminate low-skilled jobs and effectively create massive high-skilled job opportunities that will span all sectors of the economy.

  有关人工智能的好消息是,它可以创造新的就业机会。一些人认为,人工智能能够创造更多的新的就业机会。根据这一学派的观点,人工智能将是有史以来世界上最重要的就业引擎。人工智能将消除低技能的工作,并有效地创造大量高技能工作。而这些高技能工作将覆盖经济发展的全部部门。

  For example, if AI becomes fully adapt to language translation, it will create a considerable demand for high-skilled human translators. If the costs of essential translations drop to nearly zero, this will encourage MORE companies that need this particular service to expand their business operations abroad.

  例如,如果人工智能完全适应基础语言翻译,就会产生对高技能人类翻译的巨大需求。如果基本翻译成本降至几乎为零,这将鼓励更多需要这种特殊服务的公司在海外拓展业务。

  To those who speak different languages than the community in which they reside, this help will inevitably create more work for high-skilled translators, boost more economic activities. As a result of this, and more people will be employed in these companies due to the increased workload.

  对于那些掌握多门语言的人来说,这种帮助将不可避免地为高技能的翻译人员创造更多的工作,促进更多的经济活动。因此,由于工作量的增加将会有更多的人受雇于这些公司。

  Boosting international trade it one of the most significant benefits of our “global” times. So yes, AI will eliminate some jobs, but it will create many, many more.

  促进国际贸易是“全球化”时代最重要的好处之一。是的,人工智能的确会减少一些工作,但它会创造更多的工作。

  Artificial Intelligence will improved healthcare人工智能将改善医疗保健

  AI can be used extensively in the healthcare industry. It is applicable in automated operations, predictive diagnostics, preventive interventions, precision surgery, and a host of other clinical operations. Some individuals predict that AI will completely reshape the healthcare landscape for the better.

  人工智能可广泛应用于医疗保健行业。它适用于自动化手术,诊断预测,预防性干预,精准外科手术,以及许多其他临床操作。有些人预测AI将会完全重塑医疗保健格局,使其越来越好。

  AI is revolutionizing how the health sector works by reducing spending and improve patient outcomes.

  人工智能正在通过减少支出和改善患者治疗结果,彻底改变卫生部门的工作方式。

  And here are some of the applications of artificial intelligence in healthcare:

  Doing repetitive jobs.

  Managing medical records and other data.

  Digital consultation.

  Treatment design.

  Medical management.

  Virtual nurses.

  Precision medicine.

  Drug creation, and a myriad of other uses of AI.

  以下是人工智能在医疗保健中的一些应用:

  做重复性工作

  管理医疗记录及其他数据

  数字参考咨询

  处理方案设计

  医疗管理

  虚拟医护

  精密医学

  药物制造和人工智能参与的无数其他用途

  Artificial Intelligence will revolutionize agriculture人工智能将彻底改变农业

  AI is also used in the agriculture industry extensively. Robots can be used to plant seeds, fertilized crops and administer pesticides, among a lot of other uses. Farmers can use a drone to monitor the cultivation of crops and also collect data for analysis.

  人工智能在农业中也得到了广泛的应用。机器人可以用来播种、施肥、喷施农药以及其他很多用途。农民可以使用无人机监测农作物的种植情况,也可以收集数据进行分析。

  The value-add data will be used to increase the final output. How? The data collected is analyzed by AI on such variables as crop health and soil conditions, boosting final production, and it can also be used in harvesting, especially for crops that are difficult to gather.

  增值数据将用于增加最终的输出。具体而言,人工智能会对收集到的数据进行分析,比如农作物健康状况和土壤条件,从而提高农作物最终产量或是帮助收获那些难以收获的农作物。

  Artificial Intelligence will eliminate the need for you to perform tedious tasks人工智能将消除人类执行繁琐任务的需要

  AI is changing the workplace, and there are plenty of reasons to be optimistic. It is used to do lots of tedious and lengthy tasks, especially the low-skilled types of jobs that are labor-intensive. It means that employees will be retasked away from boring jobs and bring significant and positive change in the workplace.

  人工智能正在改变工作场所,而且我们完全有理由乐观对待这一改变。人工智能被用来做许多繁琐而冗长的工作,特别是低技能的、劳动密集型的工作。这意味着员工将从枯燥乏味的工作中解脱出来,从而给工作场所带来重大而积极的变化。

  For instance, artificial intelligence is used in the automotive industry to do repetitive tasks such as performing a routine operation in the assembly line, for example. Allowing a robot to care for well, robotic-tasks, has created a shift in the workforce.

  例如,人工智能在汽车行业中被用来做重复性工作,如在装配线上被用于执行常规操作。机器人良好地完成“机械性”任务,已经带来了劳动力的变化。

  AI is used to increase auto safety and decrease traffic complications人工智能被用于提高汽车安全性及减少交通并发症

  Auto accidents are one of the most popular types of accidents that happen in America. It kills thousands of people annually. A whopping 95 percent of these accidents are caused by human error, meaning accidents are avoidable.

  汽车事故是美国最常见的交通事故类型之一,每年都有数千人死于汽车事故,而95%的事故是由人为失误引起的,这意味着这些事故是可以避免的。

  The number of accident cases will reduce as artificial intelligence is being introduced into the industry by the use of self-driving cars. On-going research in the auto industry is looking at ways AI can be used to improve traffic conditions.

  随着自动驾驶汽车的使用将人工智能引入汽车行业,汽车事故数量将会减少。如何利用人工智能来改善交通状况也是汽车行业正在研究的热门课题。

  Smart systems are currently in place in many cities that are used to analyze traffic lights at the intersections. Avoiding congestion leads to safer movements of vehicles, bicycles, and pedestrians.

  智能系统目前已在许多习惯使用的城市建立起来。分析十字路口的红绿灯。避免拥堵会使车辆、自行车和行人的行动更加安全。

  Conclusion结语

  Artificial intelligence is very useful in all industries as more research is being done to advance it. The advancements in this AI tech will be most useful if it is understood and trusted. An important part of it is that artificial intelligence and related technologies such as drones, robots, and autonomous vehicles can create around tens of millions of jobs over the next decade.

  人工智能在所有行业都非常有用,因为人们正在进行更多的研究去推进它。如果能被理解和信任,人工智能技术的进步带来的效用将是巨大的。其中一个重要部分是,人工智能和相关技术,如无人机、机器人和自动驾驶汽车,可以在未来十年创造数以千万计的就业岗位。

  Having more jobs created — not less — will be great news for everyone. More jobs will help boost the GDP of the economy. Advancement in AI and its impressive computational power has already led to the concept of supercomputers and beyond.

  创造更多的就业机会对每个人来说都是好消息,更多的就业机会有助于GDP的增长。人工智能的发展及其卓越的计算能力促成了超级计算机的概念的产生及其后续发展。

 

  注:《译科技|人工智能为什么重要的五大原因》来源于Readwrite(点击查看原文)。本文系数据观原创编译,译者数据观/石煜倩,转载请务必注明译者和来源。

责任编辑:张薇

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